Flame Sensor Module with Arduino

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Welcome to the World of Sensors and Modules with Arduino!

The Flame Sensor is designed to detect the presence of fire or flames by responding to specific wavelengths of light emitted by flames. This capability allows for swift detection and response, contributing significantly to fire safety measures in various settings. In this sensors and modules guide, we’ll explore its working principle, key features, applications, and how it can enhance your Arduino projects.

If you’re new to Arduino, why not take a look at our Getting Started with Arduino guides. These guides are designed for beginners to learn the fundamental basics of Arduino¬†programming.

How the Flame Sensor Works

The Flame Sensor uses a photodiode which is sensitive to flame wavelengths, the sensor detects the characteristic light emitted by flames. This triggers a response in the sensor, indicating the presence of a fire source within its detection range.

Features and Functionality
  • Operating Voltage: 5V for Analog, 3.3V for Digital.
  • Output: Analog and Digital Signals
  • Detection IR Range: 760nm ~ 1100nm
  • Sensitivity: Adjustable
  • Response Time: Swift response to flame presence
  • Size: 45mm x 15mm
  • Compatibility: This sensor is also compatible with other devices like the Raspberry Pi, ESP32, and ESP8266 etc…

Necessary Equipment:

  • Arduino board (e.g., Arduino Uno)
  • Flame Sensor Module
  • Jumper wires
  • Breadboard (optional)

Pin Configuration

Connecting the Flame Sensor Module to an Arduino is fairly simple. The connections are as follows:

  • A0 on the flame Sensor to A0 on the Arduino.
  • GND on the Flame Sensor to GND on the Arduino.
  • + on the Flame Sensor to 5V on the Arduino.
  • D0 on the Flame Sensor to Digital pin 2 on the Arduino.

Pin labels may vary.

Flame Sensor Module with Arduino circuit diagram

KY-026 Flame Sensor Module Fritzing Part is created by arduinomodules.info and published under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International license

Arduino Code Example

// Define the pin to which the Flame Sensor is connected
#define flameSensorPin 2 // Change this to the pin you're using

void setup() {
  pinMode(flameSensorPin, INPUT); // Set the sensor pin as input
  Serial.begin(9600); // Initialize serial communication
}

void loop() {
  int flameDetected = digitalRead(flameSensorPin); // Read the flame sensor value

  if (flameDetected == HIGH) {
    Serial.println("Flame detected!"); // Print a message when flame is detected
    // You can add actions here, such as triggering an alarm or activating a relay for fire suppression
  } else {
    Serial.println("No flame detected.");
    // Add any actions for when no flame is detected
  }

  delay(1000); // Delay to stabilize readings
}

Breaking Down the Code

Declarations
  • The code declares a macro flameSensorPin and sets it to 2, representing the pin number to which the flame sensor is connected.
Setup Function
  • pinMode(flameSensorPin, INPUT): Configures the pin specified by flameSensorPin as an input pin, indicating that data will be read from this pin. This is where the flame sensor is connected.
  • Serial.begin(9600): Initializes serial communication with a baud rate of 9600 bits per second, allowing communication between the Arduino and a computer via the USB cable.
Loop Function
  • flameDetected = digitalRead(flameSensorPin): Reads the digital value from the pin specified by flameSensorPin and stores it in the variable flameDetected. The digitalRead() function returns HIGH if voltage is detected on the pin, and LOW otherwise.
  • Conditional Statement:
    • If a flame is detected (flameDetected == HIGH), it prints “Flame detected!” to the Serial Monitor.
    • If no flame is detected (flameDetected == LOW), it prints “No flame detected.” to the Serial Monitor.
  • delay(1000): Introduces a delay of 1000 milliseconds (1 second) between readings to stabilize the readings and prevent the code from executing too quickly. During this delay, the Arduino is idle, not executing any code.

This code continuously checks the status of the flame sensor and prints messages to the serial monitor based on whether a flame is detected or not. You can modify and expand this code by adding actions or reactions when a flame is detected, like activating alarms, sending notifications, or triggering safety systems.

Adjusting Sensitivity

The trim potentiometer (trim pot) on a flame sensor controls the sensitivity of the sensor. It adjusts the threshold or trigger point at which the sensor detects a flame or fire. By turning the trim pot, you can fine-tune the sensor’s sensitivity to detect flames of different intensities or distances. This adjustment allows you to optimize the sensor’s response to varying levels of flame or ambient light, making it more or less sensitive to the presence of fire.

In essence, adjusting the trim potentiometer alters the sensitivity level of the flame sensor, enabling you to customize its detection capabilities based on the specific requirements of your project or environment.

Applications and Usage Scenarios

Fire Alarm Systems

Flame sensors are integral components of fire alarm systems in residential, commercial, and industrial buildings. They detect the presence of flames and trigger alarms to alert occupants and authorities of potential fire hazards.

Industrial Safety

In industrial settings such as factories, warehouses, and manufacturing plants, flame sensors are used to monitor equipment and machinery for any signs of fire or overheating. They play a crucial role in preventing accidents and minimizing damage to property.

Gas Stove Safety

Flame sensors are commonly found in gas stoves and cooktops to ensure the safety of users. They detect the presence of flames and automatically shut off the gas supply if the flame goes out unexpectedly, reducing the risk of gas leaks and fire accidents.

HVAC Systems

Flame sensors are used in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems to monitor the combustion process in furnaces and boilers. They help maintain optimal combustion efficiency and safety by detecting flame presence and ensuring proper ignition.

Automotive Applications

Flame sensors are utilized in automotive engines and exhaust systems to monitor combustion processes and detect any abnormalities or malfunctions. They contribute to improving engine performance and reducing emissions.

Kitchen Appliances

Apart from gas stoves, flame sensors are also used in other kitchen appliances such as grills and ovens to ensure safe operation and prevent fire hazards.

Power Plants

Flame sensors are employed in power plants, especially those using fossil fuels, to monitor combustion processes in boilers and turbines. They help ensure efficient energy generation while minimizing the risk of fires and explosions.

Firefighting Robots

Flame sensors can be integrated into firefighting robots to detect the presence of flames in hazardous environments, allowing the robots to autonomously navigate and extinguish fires while keeping human firefighters out of harm’s way.

Conclusion

In this sensors and modules guide, we explained the functionality of the Flame Sensor Module, exploring its working principles, and demonstrating how to interface it with an Arduino for practical applications.

Using flame sensors with Arduino opens up a wide range of possibilities for building custom fire detection systems and integrating them into various projects. Arduino provides a convenient platform for interfacing flame sensors with other components such as LEDs, buzzers, LCD displays, and wireless modules for real-time monitoring and notification. With Arduino, you can develop custom fire alarm systems, smart home automation solutions, and IoT devices tailored to specific needs and requirements. Additionally, Arduino’s versatility allows for easy prototyping and experimentation, making it ideal for educational purposes and DIY projects involving flame detection and safety.

Discover the endless possibilities for Arduino projects with more of our Sensors and Modules guides.

Luke Barber

Hello, fellow tech enthusiasts! I'm Luke, a passionate learner and explorer in the vast realms of technology. Welcome to my digital space where I share the insights and adventures gained from my journey into the fascinating worlds of Arduino, Python, Linux, Ethical Hacking, and beyond. Armed with qualifications including CompTIA A+, Sec+, Cisco CCNA, Unix/Linux and Bash Shell Scripting, JavaScript Application Programming, Python Programming and Ethical Hacking, I thrive in the ever-evolving landscape of coding, computers, and networks. As a tech enthusiast, I'm on a mission to simplify the complexities of technology through my blogs, offering a glimpse into the marvels of Arduino, Python, Linux, and Ethical Hacking techniques. Whether you're a fellow coder or a curious mind, I invite you to join me on this journey of continuous learning and discovery.

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