Mastering Golang: Basic Testing

Golang Testing

Ensuring Code Quality with Effective Testing!

Welcome to the world of Golang! Testing is an integral part of the language’s development philosophy. The Go standard library includes a built-in testing framework that makes it easy to write and run tests for your code.

Basic Testing

  • Test Files: Go conventionally puts test files in the same package as the code they are testing, with a _test.go suffix. For example, if you have a package named myapp, you would create a test file called myapp_test.go.
  • Test Functions: Test functions in Go have a specific naming convention. They start with the word “Test,” followed by the name of the function you are testing, and they take a single argument of type *testing.T. This *testing.T argument is used to report test failures and log messages.

  • Testing Functions: Within a test function, you use various testing functions provided by the testing package to check if your code behaves as expected. The most commonly used ones include t.Errorf(), t.Fatalf(), and t.Log().

  • Running Tests: You can run tests using the go test command. Go will automatically find and execute all test functions in your package. Tests are run in parallel by default, which can help speed up the testing process.

Golang Code Example

Let’s say you have a simple function in your Go code that adds two numbers:

// myapp.go
package myapp

func Add(a, b int) int {
    return a + b

You can write a test for this function in a separate file:

// myapp_test.go
package myapp

import "testing"

func TestAdd(t *testing.T) {
    result := Add(2, 3)
    expected := 5
    if result != expected {
        t.Errorf("Add(2, 3) returned %d, expected %d", result, expected)

To run this test, open a terminal in the directory containing your code and test files and run:

go test

Go will discover and run the TestAdd function in the myapp_test.go file and report the results. If the test passes, you’ll see “PASS” in the output. If it fails, you’ll see details about the failure, including the expected and actual values.

This is a basic example, but Go’s testing framework supports more advanced features like table-driven tests, benchmarks, and subtests, which make it powerful for testing complex code.


Thorough testing is essential for delivering reliable software. Embracing testing practices in Go not only improves code quality but also boosts confidence in code changes and system reliability.

That’s All Folks!

You can find all of our Golang guides here: A Comprehensive Guide to Golang

Luke Barber

Hello, fellow tech enthusiasts! I'm Luke, a passionate learner and explorer in the vast realms of technology. Welcome to my digital space where I share the insights and adventures gained from my journey into the fascinating worlds of Arduino, Python, Linux, Ethical Hacking, and beyond. Armed with qualifications including CompTIA A+, Sec+, Cisco CCNA, Unix/Linux and Bash Shell Scripting, JavaScript Application Programming, Python Programming and Ethical Hacking, I thrive in the ever-evolving landscape of coding, computers, and networks. As a tech enthusiast, I'm on a mission to simplify the complexities of technology through my blogs, offering a glimpse into the marvels of Arduino, Python, Linux, and Ethical Hacking techniques. Whether you're a fellow coder or a curious mind, I invite you to join me on this journey of continuous learning and discovery.

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