Mastering Golang: Understanding Middleware

Golang Middleware

Enhancing HTTP Request Handling!

Welcome to the world of Golang! Middleware is a common pattern used for handling HTTP requests and responses in web applications. Middleware functions are designed to sit between the HTTP server and the request handlers (also known as routes or endpoints) and can perform various tasks such as logging, authentication, authorization, request modification, response modification, and more. They are a fundamental part of many Go web frameworks, like Gorilla Mux and Chi, but you can also create custom middleware for your own applications.

Golang Code Example

Here’s a simple example of how you can create and use middleware in a Go web application:

package main

import (

// LoggerMiddleware is a simple middleware that logs the incoming request.
func LoggerMiddleware(next http.Handler) http.Handler {
    return http.HandlerFunc(func(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
        // Log the request information
        fmt.Printf("Request received: %s %s\n", r.Method, r.URL.Path)

        // Call the next middleware or handler in the chain
        next.ServeHTTP(w, r)

// HelloHandler is a simple HTTP handler that responds with a greeting.
func HelloHandler(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
    fmt.Fprintln(w, "Hello, World!")

func main() {
    // Create a new instance of the Mux router from the Gorilla Mux package
    router := http.NewServeMux()

    // Attach the LoggerMiddleware to all routes
    router.Handle("/", LoggerMiddleware(http.HandlerFunc(HelloHandler)))

    // Create a server with the router and start it
    server := &http.Server{
        Addr:         ":8080",
        Handler:      router,
        ReadTimeout:  5 * time.Second,
        WriteTimeout: 10 * time.Second,

    fmt.Println("Server is running on :8080")

In this example, we define a LoggerMiddleware function that takes an http.Handler as input and returns a new http.Handler. Inside LoggerMiddleware, we log the incoming request and then call the next handler in the chain using next.ServeHTTP(w, r).

In the main function, we create a simple HTTP server using Gorilla Mux and attach the LoggerMiddleware to all routes. When a request is received, it first goes through the middleware, which logs the request, and then proceeds to the HelloHandler to respond with “Hello, World!”.


This is just a basic example, and middleware can be much more complex, performing tasks like authentication, authorization, request parsing, response formatting, and more. Middleware allows you to separate concerns and keep your code clean and modular when building web applications in Go.

That’s All Folks!

You can find all of our Golang guides here: A Comprehensive Guide to Golang

Luke Barber

Hello, fellow tech enthusiasts! I'm Luke, a passionate learner and explorer in the vast realms of technology. Welcome to my digital space where I share the insights and adventures gained from my journey into the fascinating worlds of Arduino, Python, Linux, Ethical Hacking, and beyond. Armed with qualifications including CompTIA A+, Sec+, Cisco CCNA, Unix/Linux and Bash Shell Scripting, JavaScript Application Programming, Python Programming and Ethical Hacking, I thrive in the ever-evolving landscape of coding, computers, and networks. As a tech enthusiast, I'm on a mission to simplify the complexities of technology through my blogs, offering a glimpse into the marvels of Arduino, Python, Linux, and Ethical Hacking techniques. Whether you're a fellow coder or a curious mind, I invite you to join me on this journey of continuous learning and discovery.

One thought on “Mastering Golang: Understanding Middleware

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