Mastering Golang: Understanding Timers

Golang Timers

Precision Timing for Efficient Code Execution

Welcome to the world of Golang! Timers are a way to schedule the execution of code at a specific time or after a certain duration. Timers are commonly used for tasks such as scheduling periodic jobs, implementing timeouts, and managing concurrency. Go provides a built-in package called time to work with timers and time-related operations.

Here’s an overview of how timers work in Go:

Import the time package

You need to import the time package to use timers in your Go program:

import "time"

Create a timer

To create a timer that will execute a piece of code after a specified duration, you can use the time.NewTimer function:

duration := 2 * time.Second // Set the duration to 2 seconds
timer := time.NewTimer(duration)

This creates a timer that will fire after 2 seconds.

Wait for the timer to expire

You can block your program’s execution until the timer expires by using the <-timer.C channel operation:

fmt.Println("Timer expired!")

This will print “Timer expired!” after the specified duration.

Reset the timer

You can reset a timer to change its expiration time. For example:

timer.Reset(3 * time.Second) // Reset the timer to 3 seconds

If the timer was already running, it will be stopped and restarted with the new duration.

Stop the timer

If you want to stop a running timer before it expires, you can use the timer.Stop() method:

if !timer.Stop() {
    <-timer.C // Drain the timer's channel if it's not stopped yet

This ensures that the timer is stopped and won’t execute its code.

Golang Code Example

Here’s a complete example of using a timer in Go:

package main

import (

func main() {
	duration := 2 * time.Second
	timer := time.NewTimer(duration)

	fmt.Println("Waiting for the timer to expire...")
	fmt.Println("Timer expired!")

	// Reset the timer
	timer.Reset(3 * time.Second)
	fmt.Println("Resetting the timer...")

	fmt.Println("Waiting for the timer to expire again...")
	fmt.Println("Timer expired again!")

	// Stop the timer
	if !timer.Stop() {
		<-timer.C // Drain the timer's channel if it's not stopped yet
	fmt.Println("Timer stopped.")

In the above example we create a timer, wait for it to expire, reset it, and then stop it. You can adapt this basic timer usage pattern for your specific use cases. Timers are especially useful for implementing timeouts in network requests, managing periodic tasks, and other time-sensitive operations in Go programs.


Golang’s timer functionalities offer a robust mechanism for scheduling tasks, managing time-based operations, and implementing timeouts. Leveraging timers effectively enhances the precision and reliability of time-sensitive operations in Go programs.

That’s All Folks!

You can find all of our Golang guides here: A Comprehensive Guide to Golang

Luke Barber

Hello, fellow tech enthusiasts! I'm Luke, a passionate learner and explorer in the vast realms of technology. Welcome to my digital space where I share the insights and adventures gained from my journey into the fascinating worlds of Arduino, Python, Linux, Ethical Hacking, and beyond. Armed with qualifications including CompTIA A+, Sec+, Cisco CCNA, Unix/Linux and Bash Shell Scripting, JavaScript Application Programming, Python Programming and Ethical Hacking, I thrive in the ever-evolving landscape of coding, computers, and networks. As a tech enthusiast, I'm on a mission to simplify the complexities of technology through my blogs, offering a glimpse into the marvels of Arduino, Python, Linux, and Ethical Hacking techniques. Whether you're a fellow coder or a curious mind, I invite you to join me on this journey of continuous learning and discovery.

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